The eastern crest of India cocoons a mystical land of bliss- Arunachal Pradesh. This ‘Land of Rising Sun‘ has many wonders and attractions for travelers.It is a thinly populated hilly tract lying on the north-east extremity of India comprising roughly 83,573 square kilometers. The Pradesh is known to be rich in flora, fauna, power and mineral potential. Previously this region was known as the North East Frontier Agency (NEFA) and constituted a part of the state of Assam. Arunachal Pradesh became an independent state on 20th February 1987. It is bounded by independent countries on the three sides and by Assam and Nagaland in the south. The long international border comprises of Bhutan on its west (160 km), the Tibet region on its northern and north east border (1080 km) and Myanmar (formerly Burma (440km) on the eastern border. Its capital is Itanagar.
Tourist Attractions :
The wavering rivers, the snow clad mountains, the stubborn plains, exclusive flora and fauna, legendary cultural heritage trailing since ancient times, the habitat of wild savages, the thick woodlands, the historical heritages, the tribal terrains are some of the feature Arunachal Pradesh offer for Travelers. A lot many to have a rendezvous with. Each of the attractions in Arunachal Pradesh is at par. Among the thousands of species of orchids as many as 600 species of orchid are found in Arunachal Pradesh. Enjoy a adventure tour in Arunachal Pradesh with tremendous elated thrill. Blessed with dense evergreen forests coupled with turbulent streams, rivers and gorges and infinite of species of flora and fauna there are a number of adventure sports in Arunachal Pradesh. Think of a sport and you will find the state beckoning you. From trekking to hiking, fishing and angling, river rafting and bird watching. The Bomdila Tawang region is the first choice of adventure seekers for trekking. You can have fun while indulging in angling in the Kameng, Subansiri, Lohit, Siang and Tirap Rivers. The hills you come across while trekking while have many rare and unique flora and fauna. So just have your rucksack and get going to have the thrill.Few Important Tourist destinations are Itanagar, Tawang, Basar, Bomdila, Bhalukpong / Tipi, Malinithan, Ziro.
Wildlife in Arunachal Pradesh
Given to the topographical and climatic suitability, the woods of Arunachal Pradesh offer a natural habitat for the mammals. Mishmi, Takin, Hoolock Gibbon, Musk Deer, Bharal, Hisbid Hare, Flying Squirrel and more than 500 species of birds are some rare and endangered species of animals and birds which are conserved in two National Parks and four Wildlife Sanctuaries of Arunachal Pradesh namelyNamdhapa National Park, Pakhui Sanctuary,Itanagar Sanctuary,Daying Ering Sanctuary,Mehao Sancuary,Kane Sanctaury,Eagle’s Nest Sanctuary,Kamlang Sanctuary,Dibang Sanctuary,Sessa Orchid Sanctuary
Monasteries in Arunachal Pradesh
Arunachal Pradesh is a bench of religion marked with the Buddhist Monasteries. Discovering and rediscovering yourself through meditation is what you get to learn here. The three monasteries here are to purge out we mortals namely Tawang Monastery,Bomdila Monastery,Urgelling Monastery.
Fairs and Festivals:
The tribes of Arunachal Pradesh celebrates the moments of life by observing various fairs and festivals. Each tribe has its own festival associated with husbandry and to seek blessings from God, to pay Him gratitude of good harvest. Some of the important festivals are Solung, Mopin, Losar, Boori Boot, Dree, Nechi Dau, Khan, Kshyat-Sowai, Loku, Longte Yullo, Mol, Nyokum, Ojiale, Reh, Sanken, Si-Donyi and Tamladu. These festivals are celebrated by folk tribal dance and music. Few festivals of relative importance are the Festivals of Apatani (Myokoh, Dree and Murung), Festivals of Nishi (Siron Molo Socham, Nyokum, Yulo), Festivals of Monpa (Losar, Jomu and Chosker), Festivals of Adi (Mopin and Solung), Festivals of Idu (Reh), Festivals of Bangni (Mlokom yulo and other festivals), Festivals of Tazin (Si-Doni), Festivals of Hill Miri (Boori Boot ). The ‘Solung’ festival of ‘Adis’ is a five day feast for seeking happiness and prosperity. It is celebrated in order to have a plentiful harvest, to raise more mithuns and pigs and also to be free from natural casualties and calamities. Celebrated by the Gallong community of Adis there is another festival ‘Mopin’ to avoid natural calamities, epidemics evil effects of bad spirits and for good yield, health, wealth and prosperity. A grand celebration lasts for five days in the month of April.
The important festivals of ‘Monpas’, Losar and Chosker, are to observe the commencement of the new year in the former and reading the holy scriptures in the latter. Then the religious books are taken to the fields in a procession for good harvest. Each festival of these tribal communities is unique way of expressing their gratitude and offering humble prayer.
There are many different kinds of dishes that are cooked in this part of India. These dishes are unique and special as far as the nature of the cuisine is concerned. It is different than the rest of India. Some of the famous are MOMO,ZAN,KHURA,GYAPA-KHAZI,THUKPA, APONG.
How to Reach
There are Six main travel circuits in Arunachal Pradesh. These are as: Tezpur-Bomdila-Tawang Itanagar- Ziro- Daporjio-Along-Pashighat Pashighat- Jenging -Yingkiong Dibrugarh- Roing -Anini Tinsukia – Tezu -Hauliang Margerita- Miao – Namdhapa
By Rail: It is well connected with rest of India. The closest railway station is Harmuty located at a distance of 33 km from Itanagar. By Air: Lilabari Airport of Assam is the nearest airport for the state. By Road: A good connectivity by bus is provided by Arunachal State Transport and Private transport operators. A direct bus facility from Guwahati (381km), Shillong (481km), Tezpur (216km), Dibrugarh (375km), Tinisukia (415 km), Jorhat (245km), Nagaon (275km), Namsai (495km) connects to Itanagar.
Best Time to Visit:
The best time to go to Arunachal Pradesh is from October to April.