Manipur is a state in north eastern India, with the city of Imphal as its capital. It comprises of flat plateau of alluvial valley and hill territory and forms a part of the Himalayan mountain system which carries this cup-shaped wonderland inside its series of hill ranges. The valley portion of the state is surrounded by hill ranges from all sides. Jawaharlal Nehru described Manipur as the ‘Jewel of India’. By virtue of its geographical situation, Manipur is a shining pearl in the Himalayan system. Manipuris call it as Meithei Leipak. The official languages of the state are Manipuri and English. Manipuri was recognised as a national language in 1992.
Lying 790 meters above sea level, Manipur is wedged between hills on all sides. This north-eastern corner of India enjoys a generally amiable climate, though the winters can be a little chilly. The maximum temperature in the summer months is 32 degree C. In winter the temperature often falls below zero, bringing frost. Snow sometimes falls in some hilly regions due to the Western Disturbance. The coldest month is January, and the warmest July.The state is drenched in rains from May until mid-October.
Tourist Attractions :
Manipur as the name suggest is a land of jewels. Its rich culture excels in every aspects as in martial arts, dance, theater and sculpture. The charm of the place is the greenery with the moderate climate making it a tourists’ haven. The beautiful and seasonal Shirui Lily at Ukhrul (district), Sangai (Brow antlered deer) and the floating islands at Loktak Lake are few of the rare things found in Manipur. Polo, which can be called a royal game, also originated from Manipur. Some of the main tourist attractions are Imphal,Keibul Lamjao National Park, Loktak Lake (Freshwater Lake), Shree Govindajee Temple, Chorus Repertory Theatre, War cemeteries, Khonghampat Orchidarium, Manipur Zoological Gardens, Moirang,Kaina, Khongjom, Tengnoupal, Ukhrul.
Foreigners entering Manipur (including foreign citizens born in Manipur) must possess a Restricted Area Permit, which can be obtained from the Foreigners’ Regional Registration Office in the “metros” (Delhi, Mumbai, Kolkata, Chennai) or certain other state government offices. Permits are valid for only 10 days, and visitors must travel only on tours arranged by authorised travel agents, in groups of four. Furthermore, they may come to Imphal only by air and are not permitted to travel outside the capital.
How to reach :
By Air: Tulihal Airport, the airport of Imphal, connects the state capital with Delhi, Calcutta and Guwahati. National Highway NH-39 links Manipur with the rest of the country through the railway stations at Dimapur in Nagaland at a distance of 215 km. from Imphal. Highway NH-53 connects Manipur with another railway station at Silchar in Assam, which is 269 km. away from Imphal. The road network of Manipur, with a length of 7170 km, connects all the important towns and distant villages.
By Bus to Imphal 1. From Guwahati daily on the NH 39 via Dimapur and Komiha. Manipur State Road Transport Corporation(MSRTC) and many other private buses available. 2. From Dimapur daily on the NH 39 via Komiha. Manipur State Road Transport Corporation(MSRTC) and many other private buses available. 3. From Silchar daily on the NH 39 via Jiribam. Manipur State Road Transport Corporation(MSRTC) and many other private buses available.
By Train to Imphal There is no direct train service to Imphal. But travellers can travel upto Guwahati or Dimapur (nearest rail head from Imphal) and then rest by bus or by air.
Best Time To Visit
The ideal time for tourism in the state, in terms of climate, is from October to February, when the weather remains bright and sunny without the sun being too hot.