Perching on the high hills of North Eastern corner, Mizoram is a storehouse of natural beauty with its endless variety of landscape, hilly terrains, meandering streams deep gorges, rich wealth of flora and fauna. Flanked by Bangladesh on the west and Myanmar on the east and south, Mizoram occupies an importance strategic position having a long international boundary of 722 Kms.Aizawl is its capital. World-renowed for their hospitality, Mizos are a close-knit society with no class distinction and no discrimination on grounds of sex. The entire society is knitted together by a peculiar code of ethics ‘Tlawmngaihna’ an untranslatable term meaning on the part of everyone to be hospitable kind, unselfish and helpful to others.Christianity is the main religion here.
Climate: The upper part of the hills are, predictably cold, cool during the summer, while the lower reaches are relatively warm and humid. Storms break out during March-April, just before or around the summer. The maximum average temperature in the summer is 30 degree C while in the winter the minimum average temperature is around 11 degree C.
Tourist Attractions: There are quite a number of places in Mizoram which may be described as ‘must see’ for tourist sports, anyone wishing to see a little more than the conventional tourist sports, anyone interests to know about the local culture and traditions is advised/expected to do /visit some of the Mizoram’s historic memorials and fabled caves scattered all over the State. To name few spot which are travellers delight are Blue Mountain, Palak Lake, Tamdil Lake, Pukzing Cave, Milu Puk, Lamsial Puk, Kungawrhi Puk, Sibuta Lung , Phulpui Grave, Chhingpuii Memorial, Mangkhai Lung, Budha’s Image, Suangpuilawn Inscriptions, Thangliana Lung.
Festivals: Mizos practice what is known as a Jhum Cultivation. They slash down the jungle, burn the trunks and leaves and cultivate the land. All their other activities revolve around the jhum operations and their festivals are all connected with such agriculture operations. Mim Kut : Mim Kut which takes place in August-September in the wake of harvesting of the maize crop, is celebrated with great gaiety and merriment expressed through singing, dancing, feasting and drinking of homemade rice beer Zu. Dedicated to the memory of their dead relatives, the festival is underlined by a spirit of thanksgiving and remembrance of the years first harvest is placed as an offering on a raised platform built to the memory of the dead. Pawl Kut : Pawl Kut is Harvest Festival celebrated during December to January. Again, a mood of thanksgiving is evident, because the difficult task of titling and harvesting is over. Community feasts are organised and dances are performed. Mothers with their children sit on memorial platform and feed one another. This custom, which is also performed during Chapchar Kut, is known as ‘Chawnghnawt’. Drinking of zu is also part of the festival. The two-day is followed by a day of complete rest when no one goes out to work. In the ancient ages the tribes of Mizoram used to go out on hunting spree to collect as much meat as possible. In fact every single inhabitant of Mizoram was bound to make a feast of meat during the Pawl Kut festival. Chapchar Kut : Of all the Kuts of the Mizo, Chapchar Kut has emerged as the most popular and enjoyable, owing perhaps to the humorous stories of its origin and the favourable time when the festival is observed-Spring. It is celebrated by the local people of Mizoram in the month of March every year. During the seven whole days of Chapchar Kut the Mizoram people engross themselves into an infinite aura of mirth and merriment Thalfavang Kut : Thalfavang Kut festival is considered as one of the most significant festivals in Mizoram. Completion of weeding of the crop fields to make them suitable for harvesting activities is a primary farming operation of the cultivators of Mizoram. Thalfavang Kut is celebrated at a time when this weeding of the farm lands in Mizoram is completed by the cultivators. Christmas : Christianity is the widely practiced religion of Mizoram. As a symbol of this widely acknowledged acceptance of the faith Christmas is celebrated as one of the prime festivals in Mizoram.It is regarded as one of the biggest celebrations of the place. Held from the 24th to 26th of December, Christmas is followed in Mizoram for three whole days. Since the majority of the Mizoram population belongs to the Christian faith, Christmas festival is followed in the place with much fanfare.
Cuisines : The cuisine of Mizoram is different from the rest of the country. The authentic Mizo cuisine is a blend of Chinese and north Indian cuisines. The delicious dishes are served on fresh green banana leaves. The usual meal is less spicy and plain in taste, retaining the nutritive value of the food. The popular dish is Bai, eaten with rice. It is made from boiling spinach with pork and bamboo shoot.Zu,the locally made rice beer, is their favourite beverage. Sawchair made of rice cooked with pork or chicken is also a tasty dish. The staple food of these people is primarily rice. One of the most popular non-vegetarian items of the people of the state is fish. The most commonly used medium of cooking is mustard oil. The Mizos do not like to eat oily food and they prefer to cook most of the dishes with little oil. Some of the most demanded delicacies of Mizoram are made with ingredients like bamboo shoots and ducks. Some very well known Mizo dishes are Misa Mach Poora, Panch Phoron Taarkari, which is actually a grilled preparation of shrimps, Dal with Eggs, Poora Mach and Koat Pitha.
How to Reach
By Air: The adjoining airport of Aizawl is Lengpui (20 kms) which has daily flights in India to Kolkata and Guwahati. By Rail: Adjoining railhead is Silchar in Assam (184 kms) and the adjacent railway station is at Guwahati which is superior linked to all major cities and towns in the country.
By Road: A good quality network of roads connects Aizawl to all significant cities and towns through Silchar. NH – 54 connects Aizawl with the rest of the country. Buses and taxis are on hand from Silchar to Aizawl.
IMPORTANT NOTE : Inner line pass for entry into Mizoram for persons other than Government employees has to be taken from Liaison Officer, Government of Mizoram, Silchar or from Liaison Officer, Kolkata.