Nagaland is a hill state located in the far north-eastern part of India. It borders the state of Assam to the west, Arunachal Pradesh and part of Assam to the north, Burma to the east and Manipur to the south. The state capital is Kohima, and the largest city is Dimapur. With a population of nearly two million people, it has a total area of 6,401 sq mi (16,579 km²) making it one of the smallest states of India.The land of the hospitable and warm Nagas, Nagaland, has always evoked a sense of awe and wonder in the minds of people including the visitors. Historically, the Nagas have always been brave warriors. They consider the safety and security of their guests as an honour and prestige and will never allow any harm to be done to any of their guests/visitors. Nagas are by race of the Mongoloid stock and speak Tibeto-Burman group of languages. But English and Hindi are widely spoken and language is no problem in Nagaland. Nature has been kind to the Nagas and their land. Though by virtue of her natural beauty, the whole of Nagaland is a tourist hotspot, yet certain exceptionally charming places have been identified and developed by the Government to promote tourism in the state, some of which are highlighted in the website.This focused approach helps in providing easy access to travelers of all categories-tourists, researchers, backpackers, ecologists etc. Since this little explored state is still developing and many more places remain un-marked-making them even more exclusive and fascinating to explore.
CLIMATE : Nagaland has a largely monsoon climate with high humidity levels .So, rains are heavy . The average rainfall is between 175cm and 250 cm. Most of the heavy rainfall is during the 4 months from June to September. The rains during April to May is low. Temperatures range from 70°F (21°C) to 104 °F (40 °C). In winter, temperatures don’t generally drop below 39°F (4 °C), but frost is common at high elevations. Strong winds blow from the northwest in February and March. The climate is pleasant.
Tourist Destination : If one is looking for a quiet getaway, from the hustle and bustle of city life, Nagaland provides the right ambience; as life here is laidback and slow – providing a tension free life.For the adventurous and the intrepid, Nagaland is an ideal place for trekking, rock climbing, jungle camping and offers limitless exploration possibilities in its lush and verdant sub-tropical rain forests which are also a treasure trove of a plethora of medicinal plants. Kohima and Dimapur attract a lot of tourists. Other attractions are the picturesque hills and valleys and the various wild life sanctuaries preserving the rich flora and fauna of the region along with Kiphire, Longleng, Mokokchung, Mon, Peren, Phek, Tuensang, Wokha, Zunheboto.
Cuisines/Food Habits : The staple food of the Naga tribes is rice. It is generally taken with meat or vegetables. The Nagas are very fond of chillies and the Semas eat them with the greatest delight. Meat could be beef, pork and chicken. Sometimes the meat is smoke dried and preserved for a long time. Meat and vegetables are usually cooked together. The food is generally boiled. Rice beer is the main drink. It is generally of three kinds, Zutho, Ruhi, and Dzutse and may be taken at any time. It is nutritive in content and if hygienically prepared, is a desirable drink. It is taken by all, including the very young.
FESTIVALS : The festivals are mostly related to agricultural operations. The important thing about the Naga festivals is their corporate character. The community as a whole participates in the celebrations. There is a definite programme stretching over a specified period in which all the village folk join. Moatsu : Among the Aos, the most important festival is Moatsu, which is celebrated after the sowing is over. The festival last six days. On the first night of the festival sexual intercourse was forbidden. Every man was required to wear a new belt, for hanging his dao. The unmarried men received belts as presents from their girl friends, the married men got from their wives. During this occasion, the restriction relating to dress and ornaments were relaxed. People could wear even the forbidden ones according to their will. Sekrenyi : The principal Angami festival in the Sekrenyi. It is celebrated in February by the Western Angamis and in December by the Southern Angamis. The festival is to ensure the health and well being of the community during the coming year. It is an occasion of great merry making, enormous quantities of rice-beer, beef and pork are consumed. An interesting feature of the festival is that the men have to prepare a separate hearth and abstain from any sexual relation for the first[SinglePic not found]Â two days. Sankarni : One of the major festivals of the Zemis is the Sankarni Puja which coincides with Shivaratri. Single boys and girls join in the Sankarni puja which lasts over a week. Chanting songs, they smoke, eat and drink to their hearts content. Contribution in money and kind is welcome from the participant families as well as visitors. The Chakhesang Khilunyie and Rengma Ngadah are both harvest festivals
How to Reach : By Air: The nearest airport of Nagaland is situated in Dimapur. This airport is linked with other states of the country by major airlines. One can go to Nagaland from the cities like Guwahati and Kolkata as well. The major places in the state can be accessed from Dimapur. By Road: Nagaland is well connected via road with the neighbouring states like Assam, Meghalaya etc. The capital of the state Kohima can be reached via road from Guwahati and Shillong. Few other cities of Nagaland are also well connected to Kohima by road. Deluxe buses are available from Guwahati and Shillong to reach Nagaland. The capital is also linked to Imphal, situated at 145 km by road. By Rail: The rail service is also available to reach Nagaland. The nearest railway station is in Dimapur, which is 74 km away from Kohima, the capital of the state. This railway station is connected with the Guwahati railway station.
Suggested Travel Plan : The Best way to explore the beauty of Nagaland is to first reach Guwahati either by Air or Rail and then take a rail journey or by road to dimapur.Train and buses are available from Guwahati.
IMP NOTE :ENTRY PERMIT Before embarking on a journey to Nagaland, acquiring the entry permit is a must.